American Labour and Consensus Capitalism, 1935-90 (The

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Lockout—lockout is the counter part of strike. What factors have influenced the growth and decline of trade unions? He is the coauthor of seven books, including Labor Economics: Theory, Evidence, and Policy, Simulating Workplace Safety Policy, The Law and Economics of Workers’ Compensation Insurance, and The Effects of Recent Tax Reforms on Labor Supply. But wages of unionized mine workers, building trades people, airline pilots, merchant seamen, postal workers, teamsters, rail workers, and auto and steel workers exceed wages of similarly skilled nonunion employees by 25 percent or more.

Pages: 264

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan (October 10, 1991)

ISBN: 0333428668

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C. § 301 et seq.]) employed in the transportation of property in commerce, or the employer of any such operator, any money or other thing of value payable to such organization or to an officer, agent, representative or employee thereof as a fee or charge for the unloading, or in connection with the unloading, of the cargo of such vehicle: Provided, That nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to make unlawful any payment by an employer to any of his employees as compensation for their services as employees. (c) [Exceptions] The provisions of this section shall not be applicable (1) in respect to any money or other thing of value payable by an employer to any of his employees whose established duties include acting openly for such employer in matters of labor relations or personnel administration or to any representative of his employees, or to any officer or employee of a labor organization, who is also an employee or former employee of such employer, as compensation for, or by reason of, his service as an employee of such employer; (2) with respect to the payment or delivery of any money or other thing of value in satisfaction of a judgment of any court or a decision or award of an arbitrator or impartial chairman or in compromise, adjustment, settlement, or release of any claim, complaint, grievance, or dispute in the absence of fraud or duress; (3) with respect to the sale or purchase of an article or commodity at the prevailing market price in the regular course of business; (4) with respect to money deducted from the wages of employees in payment of membership dues in a labor organization: Provided, That the employer has received from each employee, on whose account such deductions are made, a written assignment which shall not be irrevocable for a period of more than one year, or beyond the termination date of the applicable collective agreement, whichever occurs sooner; (5) with respect to money or other thing of value paid to a trust fund established by such representative, for the sole and exclusive benefit of the employees of such employer, and their families and dependents (or of such employees, families, and dependents jointly with the employees of other employers making similar payments, and their families and dependents): Provided, That (A) such payments are held in trust for the purpose of paying, either from principal or income or both, for the benefit of employees, their families and dependents, for medical or hospital care, pensions on retirement or death of employees, compensation for injuries or illness resulting from occupational activity or insurance to provide any of the foregoing, or unemployment benefits or life insurance, disability and sickness insurance, or accident insurance; (B) the detailed basis on which such payments are to be made is specified in a written agreement with the employer, and employees and employers are equally represented in the administration of such fund, together with such neutral persons as the representatives of the employers and the representatives of employees may agree upon and in the event the employer and employee groups deadlock on the administration of such fund and there are no neutral persons empowered to break such deadlock, such agreement provides that the two groups shall agree on an impartial umpire to decide such dispute, or in event of their failure to agree within a reasonable length of time, an impartial umpire to decide such dispute shall, on petition of either group, be appointed by the district court of the United States for the district where the trust fund has its principal office, and shall also contain provisions for an annual audit of the trust fund, a statement of the results of which shall be available for inspection by interested persons at the principal office of the trust fund and at such other places as may be designated in such written agreement; and (C) such payments as are intended to be used for the purpose of providing pensions or annuities for employees are made to a separate trust which provides that the funds held therein cannot be used for any purpose other than paying such pensions or annuities; (6) with respect to money or other thing of value paid by any employer to a trust fund established by such representative for the purpose of pooled vacation, holiday, severance or similar benefits, or defraying costs of apprenticeship or other training programs: Provided, That the requirements of clause (B) of the proviso to clause (5) of this subsection shall apply to such trust funds; (7) with respect to money or other thing of value paid by any employer to a pooled or individual trust fund established by such representative for the purpose of (A) scholarships for the benefit of employees, their families, and dependents for study at educational institutions, (B) child care centers for preschool and school age dependents of employees, or (C) financial assistance for employee housing: Provided, That no labor organization or employer shall be required to bargain on the establishment of any such trust fund, and refusal to do so shall not constitute an unfair labor practice: Provided further, That the requirements of clause (B) of the proviso to clause (5) of this subsection shall apply to such trust funds; (8) with respect to money or any other thing of value paid by any employer to a trust fund established by such representative for the purpose of defraying the costs of legal services for employees, their families, and dependents for counsel or plan of their choice: Provided, That the requirements of clause (B) of the proviso to clause (5) of this subsection shall apply to such trust funds: Provided further, That no such legal services shall be furnished: (A) to initiate any proceeding directed (i) against any such employer or its officers or agents except in workman's compensation cases, or (ii) against such labor organization, or its parent or subordinate bodies, or their officers or agents, or (iii) against any other employer or labor organization, or their officers or agents, in any matter arising under the National Labor Relations Act, or this Act [under subchapter II of this chapter or this chapter]; and (B) in any proceeding where a labor organization would be prohibited from defraying the costs of legal services by the provisions of the Labor- Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959 [29 U Labour Politics in Small Open Democracies: Australia, Chile, Ireland, New Zealand and Uruguay

Another prominent distinction exists between internal and external labor markets. Internal labor markets refer to the determinants of pay and employment within a firm, while external labor markets refer to the determinants of pay and employment between firms or within and across industries. Many labor economists place substantial theoretical weight on these distinctions when trying to explain how labor markets work The Tax/Benefit Position of read for free The entity seeking attention may be a business corporation, an individual politician, a performer or author, a government or government agency, a charitable organisation, a religious body, or almost any other person or organisation.... [tags: Papers] Labor Relations - 1 Restructuring in the Service download online

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In addition, the UAW and other national unions have increasingly sought to expand their influence into emerging high-tech sectors of the economy , e.g. Police, Picket-Lines and download here Police, Picket-Lines and Fatalities:. Mediator or arbitrator in the field of labor-management relations , source: American Welfare Capitalism, download for free download for free. Companies are legally compelled to bargain with unions in “good faith.” This innocent-sounding term is interpreted by the National Labor Relations Board to suppress such practices as Boulwarism, named for a former General Electric personnel director. To shorten the collective bargaining process, Lemuel Boulware communicated the “reasonableness” of GE’s wage offer directly to employees, shareholders, and the public Typical Girls?: Young Women read online read online. It's a prudent environmental strategy and it provides jobs for rural communities, which is why some of them have been competing to attract new landfills Child Labor and Sweatshops (At download epub In addition, the city recognized that public ownership of the transit company would give it significant federal and state tax advantages.61 The more the city analyzed the situation, the more it became convinced that it could improve customer service and at the same time operate the transit system at a profit. In December 1960, Memphis finally purchased the private Memphis Street Railway Company, but retained its management and employees Towns in a Rural World (Ashgate Economic Geography) Also finds that unions have the same effect on wages across the skill distribution and that unionized companies employ workers of average ability: Low-skill workers are not hired, and high-skill workers do not apply for union jobs. Jakubson, George, "Estimation and Testing of the Union Wage Effect Using Panel Data," Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 58, No. 5 (October 1991), pp. 971-991 Industrial Relations Between Command and Market: A Comparative Analysis of Eastern Europe and China Group I—basically, the English-speaking countries—are those in which per capita incomes first exhibited sustained growth. Group II is Japan, isolated only because I want to highlight its remarkable economic history , source: Prying Open Fortress Europe: The Turn to Sectoral Labor Migration download pdf. Corporatism was intended to avert unsettling divisions within the nation, such as lockouts and union strikes. The price of such forced “harmony” was the loss of the ability to bargain and move about freely Early Trade Unionism: Fraternity, Skill and the Politics of Labour (Studies in Labour History)

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This study analyzes the critical factors that have shaped the character of trade unionism in the Commonwealth Caribbean, as well as the major challenges that currently confront trade union practice. Particular emphasis is placed on the sociological foundations of labor law and the role of the state, in addition to the shape and contours of future industrial relations practice in the region ref.: Critical Transnational download here Most businesses reject these policy objectives -- they are for low taxes on businesses, minimum regulation of their businesses, and no government help for unions. Despite the greater power of employers, sometimes workers are able to form unions and win contracts for two reasons Out of Sight: The Long and download for free Prerequisites: consent of the department. Directed study on a topic or in a group field not included in regular department curriculum by special arrangement with a faculty member. Prerequisites: upper-division standing and consent of instructor Essentials of Labor Relations Today many states have transit legislation in which the labor protection provisions are practically identical to the collective bargaining protections in Section 13(c) of the UMTA. In California, for example, where transit-enabling legislation is contained in the Public Utilities Codes, one finds language like this to guarantee public sector transit employees practically the same collective bargaining rights as private sector employees Gendering the Recession: Media read for free Gendering the Recession: Media and. Tell them to carry a mop over their shoulders The Japanese Conspiracy: The read pdf The secretary of labor, who came to government from his post as dean of the business school at the University of Chicago, opposed suspending Davis-Bacon and by-passing union hiring halls. However, with the help of one his assistant secretaries, a former vice president of labor relations at Standard Oil of New Jersey, he reshaped apprenticeship programs by taking the power to select new apprentices away from construction unions Workingmen's Democracy: The download pdf In particular, the head of the machinists union was adamantly opposed to industrial unions even though virtually no machinists in the automobile industry belonged to a union ref.: The Elements of Police Hostage read pdf Both the employee and the employer want to profit from each other but are also reliant on each other. This means that the equal bargaining power of employers and workers must be recognized (Peetz, David. 2006). Appropriate industrial relations laws should address any imbalance of power and give both groups an equal degree of control.... [tags: Workforece Labor Government] Sweden’s Industrial Relations - Sweden’s Industrial Relations Sweden, like the other Nordic countries (Finland, Norway and Denmark) has long been associated with the epitome of the welfare state , source: Financial Services Partnerships: Labor-Management Dynamics (Routledge Research in Employment Relations) read online. If an employee feels he is being unfairly treated he can ask the union representative to help sort out the difficulty with the manager or employer , e.g. The Right to Strike in Australia But I thought it would be good to set a target, as long as it was strictly voluntary and didn't involve a lot of regulations." C. § 441b.] Sec. 305.[ § 188.] Strikes by Government employees. C. § 1918.] (1) The term "industry affecting commerce" means any industry or activity in commerce or in which a labor dispute would burden or obstruct commerce or tend to burden or obstruct commerce or the free flow of commerce. (2) The term "strike" includes any strike or other concerted stoppage of work by employees (including a stoppage by reason of the expiration of a collective-bargaining agreement) and any concerted slowdown or other concerted interruption of operations by employees Patriarchy and Accumulation on download for free download for free.