Methodology for Estimating Carbon Footprint of Road

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Prerequisite: course 149 or the equivalent. Advanced study analysis and part-time work experience in student's career field; current innovations, practices, and problems in administration, supervision, and organization of business, industry, and government. ASTM, Vol. 31 (1931), p. 510 Discussion of TESTS OF CONCRETE FROM A TRANSIT MIXER, by Hollister, Proc. Become adept at mathematics, which is the foundation of engineering programs.

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Publisher: Asian Development Bank (January 1, 2015)

ISBN: B01E5NR08C

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If the traffic authority imposes a condition, the following persons shall comply with the condition: (b) a person who operates a vehicle under the permit or the owner of such a vehicle; and (c) any other person who drives a vehicle or moves property under the permit. (a) the permit holder or any other person who operates, owns or drives a vehicle or moves property under the permit (i) fails to comply with a condition of the permit, or (ii) contravenes this Act, The Drivers and Vehicles Act or The Manitoba Public Insurance Corporation Act or the regulations under any of those Acts; or (b) the permit holder fails to pay a fee required to be paid in respect of the permit. 87(2.2) After a permit is cancelled, the traffic authority shall notify the permit holder about the cancellation by ordinary mail sent to the mailing address the permit holder has given the traffic authority. 87(2.3) Section 276 (notice of cancellation) does not apply to a permit issued under this section. 87(3) After a demand from a peace officer, a person who drives a vehicle or moves property under a permit issued under this section shall produce the permit for the officer's inspection or, if the person is not carrying the permit, give the officer the permit number. 87(4) Where a vehicle or property in respect of which a permit is issued under subsection (1) is driven or moved over, upon, or along, a highway in contravention of conditions imposed in granting the permit, a peace officer may detain the vehicle or property and may remove it, or cause it to be removed, from the highway at the expense of the owner thereof. 87(5) No action lies against a peace officer or against the government or a municipality for loss or damage suffered by any person resulting from the enforcement of, or compliance with, subsection (4). (i) during one particular journey by a route specified in the permit, and (ii) during a period specified in the permit or without limitation as to time; or (b) authorizing the driving of vehicles or the moving of property of a kind or nature specified in the permit, during such period as may be specified in the permit or without limitation as to time. 87(7) A person who wishes to obtain a permit under this section or, if applicable, who holds a permit issued under this section, shall pay the traffic authority the charge specified in the regulations. 88(1) Every driver and every pedestrian shall obey the instructions of a traffic control signal in accordance with this section, unless directed to do otherwise by a peace officer. 88(1.1) Notwithstanding anything in this section, when there is a signal assembly at an intersection for the left turn movement of vehicles that is separate from the signal assembly for the through and right turn movement of vehicles, the driver of a vehicle at or approaching the intersection and intending to turn left shall obey the instructions of the traffic control device governing the left turn movement of vehicles only. 88(2) Where, at any place on a highway, it is permissible for a pedestrian to cross the highway, he shall do so in the crosswalk, if any, that is established at that place. 88(3) When a green traffic control light alone, either steady or flashing, is shown at an intersection by a traffic control signal, (a) the driver of a vehicle at or approaching the intersection and facing the light, subject to section 132 and a traffic control device prohibiting any such movement, (A) proceed across the intersection or turn left or right, or (B) to make a left turn, establish the vehicle in the intersection just before the centre and complete the turn when it is safe, and (ii) shall yield the right-of-way to other traffic lawfully within the intersection or within an adjacent crosswalk at the time the light is shown; and (b) a pedestrian facing the light may proceed, as quickly as is reasonably possible, across the roadway in the direction of the traffic control signal, subject to any pedestrian control signal directing him or her otherwise, and while so proceeding across the roadway has a right-of-way over all vehicles. 88(4) When a green traffic control light alone is shown at a place other than an intersection by a traffic control signal, subject to section 132, (i) may proceed to pass the traffic control signal, and (ii) shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian still in the roadway or on a crosswalk adjacent to the traffic control signal when the green light begins to be shown; (b) a pedestrian facing the light may proceed as quickly as is reasonably possible across the roadway in the direction of the traffic control signal, subject to any pedestrian control signal directing him otherwise, and while so proceeding across the roadway has a right-of-way over all vehicles. 88(5) When a yellow or amber traffic control light or arrow is being shown at an intersection by a traffic control signal following or accompanying a green traffic control light, (a) the driver of a vehicle at or approaching the intersection and facing the light or arrow shall not enter the intersection, unless he can leave it before a red traffic control light or such other signal as next follows, begins to be shown; and (i) if facing the light or arrow, shall not begin to cross the roadway until a pedestrian control signal or traffic control light permitting him to do so begins to be shown, and (ii) if proceeding across, and still in, the roadway and facing such a traffic control light or arrow that begins to be displayed after he entered the roadway, (A) shall proceed to, and remain at, the nearest sidewalk or safety zone until a pedestrian control signal or other traffic control signal permitting him to enter the roadway is shown, and (B) has a right-of-way for that purpose over all vehicles. 88(6) When a yellow or amber traffic control light is being shown at a place other than an intersection by a traffic control signal following or accompanying a green traffic control light, (a) the driver of a vehicle at or approaching and facing the light shall not proceed past the traffic control signal or enter the crosswalk, if any, adjacent to the traffic control signal unless he can leave the crosswalk, if any, and be past the traffic control signal before a red traffic control light, or such other signal as next follows, begins to be shown; (b) the pedestrian, if intending to cross the roadway, or to cross in a crosswalk, if any, adjacent to the traffic control signal, shall wait until either (i) the traffic control signal facing the vehicular traffic shows a red traffic control light, or (ii) a pedestrian control signal or traffic control light permitting him to cross the roadway adjacent to the traffic control signal is shown; and (c) a pedestrian, if proceeding across, and still in, the roadway and facing such a traffic control light that begins to be shown after he entered the roadway, (i) shall proceed to, and remain at, the nearest sidewalk or safety zone until a pedestrian control signal or other traffic control signal permitting him to enter the roadway is shown, and (ii) has a right-of-way for that purpose over all vehicles. 88(7) When a red traffic control light alone or with a pedestrian control signal is shown at an intersection by a traffic control signal, subject to subsection (16), (a) the driver of a vehicle at or approaching the intersection and facing the light or signal, (i) shall stop the vehicle at a clearly marked stop line or, if none, then immediately before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then immediately before entering the intersection, and (ii) shall not proceed until a traffic control light permitting the movement of the vehicle into the intersection is shown; (b) a pedestrian facing the light or signal shall not begin to cross the roadway until a pedestrian control signal or traffic control light permitting him to enter the roadway is shown; and (i) shall proceed to, and remain at, the nearest sidewalk or safety zone until a pedestrian control signal or other traffic control signal permitting him to enter the roadway is shown, and (ii) has a right-of-way for that purpose over all vehicles. 88(7.1) Despite clause (7)(a), a driver who has established his or her vehicle in an intersection to make a left turn, as permitted by paragraph (3)(a)(i)(B), and is unable to complete the turn during the green or amber light phase, may complete it when the red traffic control light or such other signal as next follows is shown. 88(8) When a red traffic control light alone is shown at a place other than an intersection by a traffic control signal, (i) shall stop the vehicle at a clearly marked stop line or, if none, then immediately before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the light or, if none, then immediately before reaching the light, and (ii) shall not proceed until a traffic control light permitting him to pass the traffic control signal is shown; (b) a pedestrian facing the light shall not begin to cross the roadway until a pedestrian control signal or traffic control light permitting him to enter the roadway is shown; and (i) shall proceed to, and remain at, the nearest sidewalk or safety zone until a pedestrian control signal or other traffic control signal permitting him to enter the roadway is shown, and (ii) has a right-of-way for that purpose over all vehicles. 88(9) When a green arrow traffic control light or a green arrow in conjunction with a red traffic control light, is shown at an intersection by a traffic control signal, (A) the movement indicated by the arrow, or (B) a U-turn if the green arrow indicates a left turn and there is no traffic control device prohibiting the movement, and (ii) shall yield the right-of-way to other traffic lawfully within the intersection or within a crosswalk adjacent to the traffic control signal; and (b) a pedestrian facing the traffic control light or arrow shall not begin to cross the roadway until a pedestrian control signal or traffic control signal permitting him to enter the roadway is shown. 88(10) When a red flashing traffic control light is shown at an intersection by a traffic control signal, (i) where there is no crosswalk, at a clearly marked stop line, or (ii) before entering the crosswalk marked out by lines, on the near side of the intersection, or (iii) when there is neither a stop line nor a marked out crosswalk, at the point nearest the intersecting highway from which the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting highway, and, having stopped, he shall yield the right-of-way to traffic that has entered the intersection upon the intersecting highway or that is approaching thereon and is so close that it constitutes an immediate hazard; and he shall not proceed unless he can do so in safety; and (b) a pedestrian facing the light may proceed across the roadway, and has a right-of-way for that purpose over all vehicles. 88(11) When a red flashing traffic control light is shown at a place other than an intersection by a traffic control signal, (i) shall stop the vehicle at a clearly marked stop line or, if none, then immediately before reaching the crosswalk on the near side of the light or, if none, then immediately before reaching the traffic control signal, and (ii) having stopped, shall yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians in the roadway or in a crosswalk adjacent to the traffic control signal, and (iii) having yielded, shall not proceed unless he can do so in safety; and (b) a pedestrian facing the light may proceed across the roadway, and has a right-of-way for that purpose over all vehicles. 88(12) When a yellow or amber flashing traffic control light is shown at an intersection by a traffic control signal, (i) may enter the intersection only with caution, and (A) who is within the intersection or a crosswalk adjacent to the traffic control signal, or (B) who is crossing a roadway within a crosswalk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is travelling, or is approaching from the other half of the roadway and is so close that he is in danger; and (b) a pedestrian facing the light may proceed across the roadway, and has a right-of-way for that purpose over all vehicles. 88(13) When a yellow or amber flashing traffic control light is shown at a place other than an intersection by a traffic control signal, (a) the driver of a vehicle at or approaching and facing the light, (i) may pass the traffic control signal only with caution, and (A) still in the roadway or who is within a crosswalk adjacent to the traffic control signal, or (B) who is crossing a roadway within a crosswalk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is travelling, or is approaching from the other half of the roadway and is so close that he is in danger; and (b) a pedestrian facing the light may proceed across the roadway, and has a right-of-way for that purpose over all vehicles. 88(14) When the word "walk" or "traversez" or a visual symbol indicating that a person may proceed to cross the roadway is shown by a pedestrian control signal, a pedestrian facing the signal may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal and while so proceeding across the roadway has a right-of-way over all vehicles. 88(15) When a traffic control light exhibiting the word "wait" or "don't walk" or "attendez", or a visual symbol indicating that pedestrians are to wait, is shown by a pedestrian control signal in a steady or flashing mode, (a) a pedestrian facing the traffic control light shall not begin to cross the roadway until the word "walk" or "traversez" or a visual symbol indicating that pedestrians may proceed, is shown by the pedestrian control signal; and (b) a pedestrian, if proceeding across, and still in, the roadway and facing a traffic control light exhibiting the word "wait" or "don't walk" or "attendez", or a visual symbol indicating that pedestrians are to wait, that begins to be shown after he entered the roadway, shall proceed across the roadway or, in the case of a divided highway, both roadways as quickly as is reasonably possible; and he has a right-of-way for that purpose over all vehicles. 88(16) Except where there is at the intersection a traffic control device indicating otherwise, where a red traffic control light alone or with a pedestrian control signal is shown at an intersection, the driver of a vehicle at or approaching the intersection and facing the traffic control light, having stopped and yielded the right-of-way to traffic that had entered the intersection upon the intersecting highway or that is approaching thereon and is so close that it constitutes an immediate hazard, may, if he can do so in safety, enter the intersection and make a right turn into the intersecting highway. 88(17) When a flashing green left pointing arrow traffic control light, in conjunction with a green traffic control light, is shown at an intersection by a traffic control signal, (i) may proceed across the intersection or turn right, subject to a traffic control device prohibiting any such movement, (B) subject to a traffic control device prohibiting any such movement, a U-turn, and (iii) shall yield the right-of-way to other traffic lawfully within the intersection or within an adjacent crosswalk at the time the light is shown; and (b) a pedestrian facing the flashing green arrow shall not begin to cross the roadway until a pedestrian control signal or traffic control signal permitting him to enter the roadway is shown. 88(18) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, no driver of a vehicle shall enter or proceed across an intersection controlled by a traffic control light which, at the time, permits the movement, unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection to accommodate the vehicle without obstructing the passage of pedestrians proceeding within a crosswalk or pedestrian corridor, or other traffic that, in either case, is proceeding or is permitted to proceed lawfully. 88(19) Notwithstanding subsection (7), and except where there is at the intersection a traffic control device indicating otherwise, where a red traffic control light alone, or with a pedestrian control signal, is shown at an intersection of 2 one-way highways, the driver facing the red traffic control light and intending to make a left turn onto the other one-way highway shall (a) stop the vehicle at a clearly marked stop line, or if none, immediately before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, immediately before entering the intersection; (b) yield the right-of-way to traffic and pedestrians that had entered the intersection or that is approaching it and is so close as to constitute an immediate hazard; and (c) having yielded the right-of-way to all other traffic may, if he can do so in safety, enter the intersection and make a left turn into the other one-way highway. 88(20) When a red traffic control light in conjunction with a transit priority signal is shown at an intersection by a traffic control signal, (i) shall yield the right-of-way to other traffic lawfully within the intersection or within an adjacent crosswalk at the time the light is shown, and (ii) the driver of any other vehicle at or approaching the intersection and facing the light shall not enter the intersection until a traffic control light permitting him to do so is shown; and (i) facing the light shall not begin to cross the roadway until a pedestrian control signal or traffic control light permitting him to do so is shown, and (ii) if proceeding across, and still in, the roadway and facing such a traffic control light that begins to be displayed after he entered the roadway, (A) shall proceed to, and remain at, the nearest sidewalk or safety zone until a pedestrian control signal or other traffic control signal permitting him to enter the roadway is shown, and (B) has a right-of-way for that purpose over vehicles. 89 Except as in this Act otherwise provided, the council of a municipality shall not pass, enforce, or maintain any by-law (a) requiring from any owner of a motor vehicle or a driver, or a dealer who holds a valid dealer's permit under The Drivers and Vehicles Act, any tax, fee, licence, or permit for or on account of the ownership or use of motor vehicles; or (b) excluding any of such persons from the use of a highway, except any driveway, speedway, or road that has been expressly set apart, by by-law, for the exclusive use of horses and light carriages; or (c) that in any way affects the registration or numbering of motor vehicles; or (d) regulating the speed of motor vehicles on a highway; or (e) forbidding the use of any highway, contrary to or inconsistent with The Drivers and Vehicles Act or this Act; and any by-law, or the provisions thereof, contrary to this section is or are of no validity or effect. 90(1) A traffic authority may classify vehicles according to dimensions, design, weight, kind of weight carried or otherwise, for any class or all classes of vehicles and may make rules or by-laws supplementary to, or in addition to, but not contrary to, any provision of this Act, The Drivers and Vehicles Act or the regulations under either Act and applicable on highways over which the traffic authority has jurisdiction or within any area over which the traffic authority has jurisdiction, with respect to (a) parking, stopping and standing of vehicles and bicycles; (c) one-way streets or one-way roadways; (d) prescribing routes of travel, including prohibiting certain traffic from travelling on certain routes of travel or requiring certain traffic to travel only on certain routes of travel; (e) pedestrian traffic including pedestrian corridors; (f) loading zones and bus stops; (h) preventing drivers of motor vehicles from making unnecessary noise in the vicinity of hospitals; (i) preventing turning otherwise than at intersections, and otherwise regulating such turning; (j) traffic on streets in the vicinity of public schools; (l) traffic lanes, including prohibiting certain traffic from travelling on certain traffic lanes or requiring certain traffic to travel only on certain traffic lanes; (n) the directions that vehicles or bicycles must follow on certain streets or roadways; (o) any matter that is prescribed in the regulations; and may impose penalties for a violation of any such rule or by-law. 90(2) Where the traffic authority imposing a penalty under subsection (1) is a municipality, the council of the municipality shall impose the penalty by by-law. 90(3) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the council of a city, town or village other than The City of Winnipeg may make rules or by-laws as provided in subsection (1) applicable to any part of a provincial highway within the city, town or village; but no such rule or by-law has effect unless approved in writing by the minister or the minister's delegate, and the notice of approval is attached to and forms part of the rule or by-law. 90(4) The minister or the minister's delegate may, by a notice in writing, withdraw an approval given under subsection (3), and the withdrawal is effective and any rule or by-law previously approved thereunder is void on and from the date set out in the notice. 90(5) The council or other traffic authority concerned shall cause every rule made under subsection (1) or (3), that is supplementary to, or in addition to, the rules prescribed in this Part to be indicated or made known to drivers by traffic control devices or by peace officers. 90(6) Subject to section 81, a traffic control device to which reference is made in subsection (5) shall consist of a sign containing a verbal notice, command, caution, or warning, or of a representation of an arrow or other symbol or device, or both. 90(7) Where a rule made under subsection (1) is indicated or made known to drivers as required by subsection (5), every driver shall obey the rule. 90(8) A rule made under subsection (1) may supplement section 88 by authorizing traffic control signals showing traffic control lights and signals for which provision is not made in that section; but, no such rule shall alter, or purport to alter, the meaning or effect required, under this Act, to be given to a traffic control light or signal for which provision is made in section 88, or alter, or purport to alter, the manner in which drivers and pedestrians shall comply with such a traffic control light or signal. (b) forest reserves owned or administered by Her Majesty to which subsection 104(1) applies; 90(11) Unless the traffic authority has temporarily closed a provincial highway or any portion thereof to other traffic, no person, organization or club shall conduct, hold or operate a caravan, motorcade, parade, rally or other special event on a provincial highway unless a permit therefor has been issued by the Officer Commanding the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or any person authorized by him for the purpose. 90(12) The Officer Commanding may issue a permit under subsection (1) and make it subject to such conditions as to him appears necessary to ensure the safety of the public and the participants; and the person, organization or club shall comply with any conditions stated in the permit , cited: Road Trials of High Modulus read here Road Trials of High Modulus Base for.

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