By David Schuyler
As used to be precise of many American towns, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, followed city renewal courses within the postwar years to revitalize a downtown that was once experiencing monetary decline. because the advertisement and home infrastructure of the town decayed, humans and jobs migrated to the suburbs. city renewal was once presupposed to make the downtown attainable back as a website for either companies and flats. yet as David Schuyler exhibits in A urban reworked, redevelopment in Lancaster ended in extra disasters than successes. starting within the Fifties, the Lancaster Redevelopment Authority carried out a entire revitalization software that modified the actual form of town. In trying to solidify the retail services of the normal vital enterprise district, redevelopment dramatically altered key blocks of the downtown, changing good-looking turn-of-the-century Beaux Arts constructions with modernist concrete packing containers and a sterile public sq.. the method for doing away with density and blighted constructions led to the demolition of complete blocks of dwellings and, might be extra very important, destabilized Lancaster's African American group. A urban remodeled is a compelling exam of a northern urban suffering from its background and the legacy of segregation. however the redevelopment tasks undertaken via the town, besides the fact that formidable, couldn't triumph over the suburban progress that maintains to sprawl over the geographical region, or the styles of residential segregation that outline urban and suburb. whilst the Redevelopment Authority ceased working in 1980, its legacy was once a urban with a declining financial system, excessive degrees of poverty and joblessness, and an expanding focus of racial and ethnic minorities - a urban greatly in danger. In vital methods what occurred in Lancaster was once the made of federal regulations and nationwide tendencies. As Schuyler observes, Lancaster's adventure is the nation's drama performed on a neighborhood level.
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Additional resources for A City Transformed: Redevelopment, Race, and Suburbanization in Lancaster, Pennsylvania 1940-1980
The text accompanying the Residential Security Map of Lancaster, prepared in March 1933, had described the southeast as an industrial and residential area that “holds practically all the aliens and negroes of the city. Houses are row bricks, 50 years and more old. ” The 1936 Real Property Survey had demonstrated that the southeast was an ethnically and racially diverse area with a concentration of old dwellings, many of which lacked toilets and running water or needed major repairs. An undetermined but significant percentage of the houses were simply unfit to live in.
21 On July 10, 1957, a clam-shell scoop crane began demolishing Barney Google Row. B. F. Charles, who had retired from the Health Department, was present with a movie camera to record the scene. “At last the day has arrived,” Charles told a reporter. “I worked twenty years to accomplish this. ” Equally excited were dozens of young boys who watched the crane level house after house from the top of the row to the bottom. Three days later the site of the first fourteen dwellings had been cleared. The owner of the fifteenth property in the row, Noah Striver, undoubtedly viewed the same scene from a different perspective.
Speaker after speaker implicitly assumed that with the successful implementation of solutions to traffic and parking problems the central business district would remain unchallenged, despite H. M. J.