Download Bicycle design : an illustrated history by Tony Hadland & Hans-Erhard Lessing & Nick Clayton & Gary W. PDF

By Tony Hadland & Hans-Erhard Lessing & Nick Clayton & Gary W. Sanderson

The bicycle ranks as probably the most enduring, most generally used cars on the planet, with greater than a thousand million produced in the course of virtually 2 hundred years of biking background. This booklet deals an authoritative and complete account of the bicycle's technical and old evolution, from the earliest velocipedes (invented to fill the necessity for horseless delivery in the course of a scarcity of oats) to smooth racing motorcycles, mountain motorcycles, and recumbents. It strains the bicycle's improvement when it comes to fabrics, ergonomics, and motor vehicle physics, as performed via inventors, marketers, and manufacturers.

Written by means of major bicycle historians and generously illustrated with ancient drawings, designs, and pictures, Bicycle Design describes the major levels within the evolution of the bicycle, starting with the counterintuitive proposal of balancing on wheels in line, throughout the improvement of tension-spoked wheels, oblique drives (employing levers, pulleys, chains, and chainwheels), and pneumatic tires. The authors research the extra improvement of the bicycle for such particular reasons as racing, portability, and all-terrain use; they usually describe the evolution of bicycle parts together with seats, transmission, brakes, lighting (at first candle-based), and companies (racks, panniers, saddlebags, baby seats, and sidecars). they think about not just commercially winning designs but additionally advertisement disasters that pointed how to destiny technological advancements. And they debunk a few myths approximately bicycles -- for instance, the wrong yet often-cited concept that Leonardo sketched a chain-drive motorbike in his notebooks. regardless of the bicycle's lengthy background and mass attraction, its technological historical past has been ignored. This quantity, with its enticing and wide-ranging assurance, fills that hole. it will likely be the start line for all destiny histories of the bicycle.

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2 (continued) C hapter 1 In a letter dated 1833, the inventor Karl Drais recalled the fear of balancing among the populace. The entry is quoted here as translated from page 163 of Lessing 2003a: Nearly everywhere my performance on this instrument was attributed to my personal skill rather than to the invention itself. ” But they did not dare to sit on it, although I have taught several persons very well in four lessons. Return of the horses In the autumn of 1817, the first good harvest in several years was brought in, breeding and selling of horses resumed, and the window of opportunity for Karl Drais’s invention closed.

After the clampdown on riding velocipedes on sidewalks, Birch felt encouraged to build some hand-lever-operated three-wheelers. He called one of them a Manivelociter (it had one operator and one passenger), one a Bivector (it had two operators), and one a Trivector (it had three operators). According to a report published in September of 1819, a Trivector covered the 67 miles from London to Brighton within 7 hours. Its large-diameter wheels (3 feet at the front, 5 feet at the rear) allowed it to roll better than a two-wheeler on the carriageways.

The entry is quoted here as translated from page 163 of Lessing 2003a: Nearly everywhere my performance on this instrument was attributed to my personal skill rather than to the invention itself. ” But they did not dare to sit on it, although I have taught several persons very well in four lessons. Return of the horses In the autumn of 1817, the first good harvest in several years was brought in, breeding and selling of horses resumed, and the window of opportunity for Karl Drais’s invention closed.

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