By Anthony Alexander
The recent cities Programme of 1946 to 1970 represents the most huge classes of city improvement in Britain. this article covers the tale of the way those cities got here to be outfitted, how they elderly, and the demanding situations and possibilities they now face as they start levels of renewal.
content material: the recent cities in a brand new gentle --
making plans the recent cities --
a little a bombshell --
The early New cities --
The later New cities --
The starting place of the hot cities proposal --
development the recent cities --
The formula of the recent cities programme --
ideas of latest cities layout --
A jump into the unknown --
residing within the New cities --
Criticisms of the hot cities --
How the recent cities grew previous --
New cities within the age of sustainable groups --
end : the teachings of the recent Towns.
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Extra resources for Britain's new towns : garden cities to sustainable communities
The New Towns Development Corporation model and commissioned a second generation of towns. The Labour Party, returning to government in 1964 for the first time since 1951, then designated a third generation. As such these three areas of housing growth all continued to be built well into the 1970s, under various governments. The model of the development corporation was such that once commissioned they had relatively high levels of independence from government. Curiously, in order to determine the suitability of locations selected, an advisory committee on each New Town site had to be established and a tentative plan sketched out.
A Green Belt is defined around the edge, an idea put into law in 1938 to prevent the indefinite outward spread of towns and cities, and beyond it a new town is started. Here the town is planned from the start to separate housing and industry into dedicated estates. This idea known as zoning answered the problem of factories and housing being mixed up together, with pollution from the factory chimneys affecting health, by separating them into housing estates and industrial estates. The problems of commuting were solved by planning these towns to be a specific size and with the number of jobs available Planned decentralisation This vision of life in new towns was doubtless appealing to Londoners living in neighbourhoods scarred with bombsites.
In the end only Glasgow was to follow London’s lead in the 1940s, with Birmingham, Manchester and Liverpool following in the later phase. Alongside these plans were those for the reconstruction of the bomb-damaged cities. Coventry, Bristol and Plymouth were all to have centres rebuilt according to new principles to address problems in their design that had emerged over time: traffic congestion along streets designed for horse and carriage, pollution from vehicles and factories, and poor quality, workingclass housing that was generally overcrowded and squalid.