By Lee Martin McDonald
What does it suggest to talk of a "canon" of scripture? How, while, and the place, did the canon of the Hebrew Bible come into life? Why does it have 3 divisions? What canon was once in use one of the Jews of the Hellenistic diaspora? At Qumran? In Roman Palestine? one of the rabbis? What Bible did Jesus and his disciples understand and use? How used to be the hot testomony canon shaped and closed? What position was once performed by way of Marcion? via gnostics? by means of the church fathers? What did the early church make of the apocrypha and pseudepigrapha? via what standards have questions of canonicity been made up our minds? Are those previous judgements nonetheless significant religion groups this day? Are they open to revision?
These and different debated questions are addressed via a world roster of remarkable specialists on early Judaism and early Christianity, writing from diversified affiliations and views, who current the background of debate and provide their very own tests of the present status.
William Adler, Peter Balla, John Barton, Joseph Blenkinsopp, François Bovon, Kent D. Clarke, Philip R. Davies, James D. G. Dunn, Eldon Jay Epp, Craig A. Evans, William R. Farmer, Everett Ferguson, Robert W. Funk, Harry Y. Gamble, Geoffrey M. Hahneman, Daniel J. Harrington, Everett R. Kalin, Robert A. Kraft, Jack P. Lewis, Jack N. Lightstone, Steve Mason, Lee M. McDonald, Pheme Perkins, James A. Sanders, Daryl D. Schmidt, Albert C. Sundberg Jr., Emanuel Tov, Julio Trebolle-Barrera, Eugene Ulrich, James C. VanderKam, Robert W. Wall.
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Additional resources for Canon Debate, The
The process by which the various books in the Bible were brought together and their value as sacred Scripture recognized is referred to as the history of the canon .... While the Old Testament canon had been formally closed .... The rise of heresy ... was a powerful impulse towards the formation of a definite canon. A sifting process began in which valid Scripture distinguished itself from Christian literature in general on the basis of such criteria .... The canon was ultimately certified at the Council of Carthage (397).
49 An example would be the interpretation of Luke 24:44 ("the Law of Moses and the Prophets and Psalms") as: "This saying suggests that 'the Law of Moses', 'the Prophets' and ' (the) Psalms' are now established names for the three parts of the canon"; see Roger Beckwith, The Old Testament Canon of the New Testament Church (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1985 ), 111. The book is rich in data but tends toward maximalist interpretation; see further the review of Beckwith by Albert C. Sundberg Jr. ("Reexamining the Formation of the Old Testament Canon," Int42 [ 1988}: 78-82), and Andrew Steinmann's critique (Oracles of God, 71 n.
The Protestant canon and the Roman Catholic New Testament canon are identical, but Protestants follow the Old Testament canon of the Hebrew Bible .... 18 3. The process by which the various books in the Bible were brought together and their value as sacred Scripture recognized is referred to as the history of the canon .... While the Old Testament canon had been formally closed .... The rise of heresy ... was a powerful impulse towards the formation of a definite canon. A sifting process began in which valid Scripture distinguished itself from Christian literature in general on the basis of such criteria ....