Category: History Culture

Download RAND and the Information Evolution: A History in Essays and by Willis H. Ware PDF

By Willis H. Ware

This expert memoir describes RAND's contributions to the evolution of machine technology, really throughout the first many years following international conflict II, whilst electronic pcs succeeded slide principles, mechanical table calculators, electrical accounting machines, and analog desktops. The memoir comprises photos and vignettes that demonstrate the collegial, inventive, and infrequently playful spirit during which the groundbreaking examine was once carried out at RAND.

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Download Holy resilience : the Bible's traumatic origins by David M. Carr PDF

By David M. Carr

Human trauma gave start to the Bible, indicates eminent non secular student David Carr. The Bible’s skill to talk to anguish is a massive the reason is, the sacred texts of Judaism and Christianity have retained their relevance for millions of years. In his interesting and provocative reinterpretation of the Bible’s origins, the writer tells the tale of ways the Jewish humans and Christian group needed to adapt to outlive a number of catastrophes and the way their holy scriptures either mirrored and strengthened every one religion’s resilient nature.
 
Carr’s thought-provoking research demonstrates what percentage of the valuable tenets of biblical faith, together with monotheism and the belief of soreness as God’s retribution, are elements that supplied Judaism and Christianity with the energy and adaptability to suffer within the face of catastrophe. furthermore, the writer explains how the Jewish Bible was once deeply formed by means of the Jewish exile in Babylon, an occasion that it not often describes, and the way the Christian Bible was once likewise formed by means of the unspeakable disgrace of getting a crucified savior.

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Download Geek sublime : the beauty of code, the code of beauty by Vikram Chandra PDF

By Vikram Chandra

The nonfiction debut from the writer of the overseas bestseller Sacred Games in regards to the superb overlap among writing and desktop coding

Vikram Chandra has been a working laptop or computer programmer for nearly so long as he has been a novelist. during this outstanding new e-book, his first paintings of nonfiction, he searches for the connections among the worlds of artwork and expertise. Coders are captivated with beauty and magnificence, simply as writers are, yet do the phrases suggest an identical factor to either? will we ascribe attractiveness to the craft of writing code?
Exploring such different issues as common sense gates and literary modernism, the machismo of tech geeks, the omnipresence of an "Indian Mafia" in Silicon Valley, and the writings of the eleventh-century Kashmiri philosopher Abhinavagupta, Geek Sublime is either an idiosyncratic historical past of coding and a desirable meditation at the writer's paintings. half literary essay, half know-how tale, and half memoir, it really is an engrossing, unique, and heady booklet of sweeping ideas.

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Download Giants of Computing: A Compendium of Select, Pivotal by Gerard O'Regan PDF

By Gerard O'Regan

It has been upon the shoulders of giants that the fashionable international has been cast. This available compendium provides an perception into the nice minds answerable for the expertise which has reworked our lives. each one pioneer is brought with a quick biography, by way of a concise account in their key contributions to their self-discipline. the choice covers a extensive unfold of old and modern figures from theoreticians to marketers, highlighting the richness of the sector of computing. compatible for the overall reader, this concise and easy-to-read reference may be of curiosity to someone all for the inspiring women and men who've formed the sphere of machine science.

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Download Artificial Intelligence in Theory and Practice II: IFIP 20th by Max Bramer PDF

By Max Bramer

This publication constitutes the refereed court cases of the IFIP TC 12 synthetic Intelligence Stream held on the twentieth global computing device Congress in Milano, Italy, September 7-10, 2008.

The IFIP sequence publishes state of the art ends up in the sciences and applied sciences of data and conversation. The scope of the sequence contains: foundations of laptop technological know-how; software program thought and perform; schooling; desktop functions in expertise; verbal exchange structures; structures modeling and optimization; details structures; pcs and society; desktops know-how; safeguard and security in info processing platforms; man made intelligence; and human-computer interplay. lawsuits and post-proceedings of refereed overseas meetings in machine technological know-how and interdisciplinary fields are featured. those effects frequently precede magazine book and characterize the most up-tp-date study. The critical objective of the IFIP sequence is to motivate schooling and the dissemination and trade of data approximately all elements of computing.

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Download Startup A Silicon Valley Adventure by Jerry Kaplan PDF

By Jerry Kaplan

Kaplan, a well known determine within the desktop undefined, based cross company in 1987, and for a number of years it was once one of many most popular new ventures within the Valley. Startup tells the tale of Kaplan's wild experience: how he assembled a super yet fractious group of engineers, software program designers, and traders; pioneered the rising marketplace for hand held pcs operated with a pen rather than a keyboard; and careened from difficulty to problem with out ever wasting his ardour for a progressive inspiration. alongside the best way, Kaplan vividly recreates his encounters with eccentric staff, risk-addicted enterprise capitalists, and giants similar to invoice Gates, John Sculley, and Mitchell Kapor. And nobody - together with Kaplan himself - is spared his sharp wit and observant eye.

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Download Who made early Christianity? : the Jewish lives of the by John Gager Jr. PDF

By John Gager Jr.

During this historic and theological learn, John G. Gager undermines the parable of the Apostle Paul's rejection of Judaism, conversion to Christianity, and founding of Christian anti-Judaism. He unearths that the increase of Christianity happened good after Paul's loss of life and attributes the distortion of the Apostle's perspectives to early and later Christians.

Though Christian clerical elites ascribed a rejection-replacement theology to Paul's legend, Gager exhibits that the Apostle used to be thought of a devoted Jew via a lot of his Jesus-believing contemporaries and that later Jewish and Muslim thinkers held an identical view. He holds that one of many earliest misinterpretations of Paul used to be to call him the founding father of Christianity, and in recent years various Jewish and Christian readers of Paul have moved past this understanding.

Gager additionally reveals that Judaism didn't fade away after Paul's demise yet persisted to attract either Christians and pagans for hundreds of years. Jewish synagogues remained very important non secular and social associations through the Mediterranean international. utilising all attainable literary and archaeological resources, together with Muslim texts, Gager is helping get better the lengthy pre-history of a Jewish Paul, obscured through contemporary, detrimental portrayals of the Apostle, and acknowledges the iconic bond among Jews and Christians that has encouraged all points of Christianity.

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Download The Political Economy of Antitrust by V. Ghosal and J. Stennek (Eds.) PDF

By V. Ghosal and J. Stennek (Eds.)

Inspired through contemporary occasions and stories in antitrust enforcement and coverage within the usa and the eu Union, and new insights and findings from educational study, this publication offers a suite of theoretical, empirical and public policy-oriented articles representing fresh examine at the political-economy of antitrust. Political-economy is outlined commonly to incorporate the demand-side drivers of antitrust job akin to marketplace disasters and interest-groups, in addition to supply-side drivers together with ideology and partisan politics in addition to the significance of informational obstacles in antitrust enforcement and the institutional constitution of the antitrust organizations. analyzing matters regarding the political-economy of antitrust is necessary as antitrust coverage and enforcement supply a key mechanism for holding the competitiveness of markets, with implications for innovation, potency, development and welfare. This e-book brings jointly contributions by way of major educational researchers within the parts of political-economy, cartels, merger and non-merger enforcement, in addition to economists operating with antitrust gurus within the U.S. and E.U., to make a well timed contribution for researchers and practitioners. The chapters during this quantity conceal the entire variety of subject matters: enforcement of cartels; merger keep watch over; monopolization and abuse of dominance; and systemic matters in antitrust enforcement and coverage. because the previous couple of years have obvious major alterations in either the U.S. and E.U. within the attitudes in the direction of cartels, the ebook areas emphasis on antitrust enforcement of cartels, together with subject matters equivalent to the company leniency courses that experience lately been brought within the U.S. and E.U., optimum deterrence mechanisms opposed to cartels and detection of cartels. whereas the person chapters of the e-book make self sustaining contributions and should be learn individually, the publication brings jointly articles from a number of sub-areas to offer a extra encompassing photograph. the 1st bankruptcy presents an outline of a few of the developments and up to date examine in antitrust enforcement and coverage and highlights the contributions made via the chapters during this quantity

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Download Database of Dreams: The Lost Quest to Catalog Humanity by Rebecca Lemov PDF

By Rebecca Lemov

Just many years earlier than the sunrise of the electronic age, Harvard psychologist Bert Kaplan got down to construct the biggest database of sociological details ever assembled. It was once the mid-1950s, and social scientists have been entranced by means of the human insights promised through Rorschach exams and different leading edge clinical protocols. Kaplan, besides anthropologist A. I. Hallowell and a staff of researchers, sought out a diverse variety of non-European matters between distant and principally non-literate peoples around the world. Recording their desires, tales, and innermost strategies in an enormous database, Kaplan estimated destiny researchers having access to the knowledge in the course of the state of the art Readex desktop. shortly, despite the fact that, technological advancements and the obsolescence of the theoretical framework rendered the undertaking beside the point, and finally it used to be forgotten.

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