Download Childhood and Child Labour in the British Industrial by Jane Humphries PDF

By Jane Humphries

It is a precise account of working-class early life through the British commercial revolution. utilizing greater than six hundred autobiographies written via operating males of the eighteenth and 19th centuries Jane Humphries illuminates working-class adolescence in contexts untouched through traditional resources and enables estimates of age at beginning paintings, social mobility, the level of apprenticeship, and the length of education. The vintage period of industrialization, 1790-1850, it sounds as if observed an upsurge in baby labour. whereas the memoirs implicate mechanization and the department of labour during this bring up, additionally they exhibit that fatherlessness and massive sibsets, universal in those turbulent, high-mortality, and high-fertility instances, frequently solid young ones as companions and helps for moms suffering to carry households jointly. The publication deals extraordinary insights into baby labour, family members lifestyles, careers, and education. Its photographs of pain, stoicism, and low infantile pleasures positioned the humanity again into financial background and the trauma again into the economic revolution.

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95). Prejudice and bias may be muted when authors have no record to defend or reputation to enhance, but as David Vincent Sources, models, context 17 emphasizes, there remain ‘unresolved doubts about the “truth” and “relevance” of works which are necessarily subjective in form and limited in number’ (1981, p. 4). Vincent counsels against the use of the autobiographies as if they were factual accounts of working-class life. I dispute this, dealing first with issues of truthfulness and accuracy, then with whether the autobiographies can be held ‘representative’ of working-class experience and conclude with some comments on interpretation and methodology.

How these different component developments interacted remains debated. Crafts (1985) saw agricultural productivity as facilitating structural change, and writing later with Knick Harley (2004), linked high farm productivity to agriculture’s unique tripartite structure, in which landlords, capitalist farmers and wage labourers had long been subject, to market discipline and open to market opportunities. While continental agriculture was dominated either by Junker landlords or subsistence producers, neither of whom responded to market signals with the result that agriculture remained hidebound and sheltered excess labour, in Britain, farmers, even in the Middle Ages, understood and responded to market signals (Campbell, 2000; Stone, 2005).

These reflections, like those captured by any other source, are imperfect and sometimes distorted. The focus here on family context and work experience plays to the strengths of the autobiographies, which editors and commentators have noted are greatest when dealing with issues of childhood. However, even this material cannot be taken at face value. Part of the challenge in writing this history, as in writing any history, is to think through the links between the texts and the realities to which they relate.

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