By Carol M. Eastman
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Extra resources for Codeswitching
People do not switch languages midstream as a rule. A notable exception occurred in the conversations between the father and son, and between the student and headmaster. These conversations were Page 7 anomalous for a number of reasons. Goyvaerts found that young men in particular use intra-sentential switching as a speech pattern when talking specifically to their fathers. The seemingly marked codeswitches young men make are seen as attempts on their part to renegotiate the balance of power that exists.
Therefore, any model of the structural aspects of codeswitching must provide a unified account for all EL material in codeswitching utterances. Introduction This paper 1 attempts to clarify the status of lexical material from an Embedded Language (EL) which appears in codeswitching discourse in a frame provided by the Matrix Language (ML). Such a discussion is an important preliminary in assessing competing models of structural constraints on codeswitching, since a first step is to identify those linguistic items which properly must be accounted for as part of codeswitching utterances.
According to Myers-Scotton, frequency is the best criterion to use to link borrowings to the mental lexicon in contrast to single-form codeswitches. Yet, there is very little reason to make a distinction between the processes. Neither morphosyntactic nor phonological integration criteria remain viable ways to decide whether embedded language material is the result of borrowing or codeswitching. The MLF model of codeswitching which can account for single form codeswitches also accounts for borrowed lexical items.