Download Comparative Youth Justice by John Muncie, Barry Goldson PDF

By John Muncie, Barry Goldson

Comparative early life Justice is the 1st ebook to significantly contemplate modern juvenile justice reform in England and Wales and throughout numerous different western jurisdictions together with the united states, Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Belgium, Scotland, Japan, Italy and Finland. In doing so, it identifies significant foreign alterations in juvenile coverage and perform. despite the fact that, modern adolescence Justice isn't really easily an try to record nationwide similarities and alterations, yet appears to be like seriously at how international developments are translated on the neighborhood point. This booklet additionally examines how early life justice is carried out in perform so one can selling swap in addition to mirrored image.

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1)) (cited in Bala, 1997: 276). qxd 4/18/2006 10:33 AM Page 23 and aggravated sexual assault) they ‘would be “presumptively” transferred to adult court unless they successfully argued that the transfer should not take place’ (Doob and Sprott, 2004: 213). Not without controversy, as we will see shortly, in the YCJA enacted in 2002 the notion of ‘presumptive’ offences was taken a punitive step further, by lowering the age to 14 years from 16 years and by adding a new category of other ‘serious violent’ offences, that if a youth was convicted of twice before, it would be presumed on the third conviction that an adult sentence be imposed.

But in response to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in 1999, Labour has claimed that early intervention is an ‘entitlement’ and that such pre-emptive policies contribute to ‘the right of children to develop responsibility for themselves’(UK Government, 1999). In these ways a discourse of rights is appropriated to justify degrees of authoritarianism that are far removed from UN intentions. Anti-social behaviour legislation remains particularly controversial because of its ill-defined nature and lack of firm theoretical grounding.

Their use exemplifies a certain ‘justice by geography’ with by far the greatest number of ASBOs being issued in Greater Manchester. Between July and September 2000, 21 ASBOs were imposed nationally on young people, rising to 153 between October and December 2003 (Burney, 2004). In Campbell’s (2002) review 74% were made on under 21s. The ‘anti-social’ is often synonymous with police perceptions of problems with young people (Bland and Read, 2000). Moreover the breach of an ASBO can lead directly to a prison sentence even when the original ‘offence’ was non-imprisonable.

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