By Elizabeth Teresa Howe
Contemplating the presence and impact of expert girls of letters in Spain and New Spain, this examine appears on the lifestyles and paintings of early sleek ladies who encouraged by means of note or instance for the schooling of girls. the topics of the booklet comprise not just such typical figures as Sor Juana and Santa Teresa de JesÃºs, but additionally of much less renowned ladies in their time. the writer makes use of fundamental records, released works, art, and demanding resources drawn from background, literature, theatre, philosophy, women's reviews, schooling and technology. Her research juxtaposes theories espoused by means of women and men of the interval in regards to the flair and appropriateness of teaching ladies with the particular practices to be present in convents, faculties, court docket, theaters and houses. What emerges is a fuller photo of women's studying within the early sleek interval.
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Extra info for Education and Women in the Early Modern Hispanic World (Women and Gender in the Early Modern World)
Unlike either Boccaccio or Christine, Álvaro begins his book with the twin ﬁgures of the Virgin Mary and Eve in a very traditional pairing. It is in those instances in which congruence among the authors occurs in their use of the same ﬁgures of strong and intelligent female exempla that the evolution of examples concerning women’s education is evident. Álvaro’s temporizing approach to the ﬁgure of Zenobia is a case in point. 52 Álvaro summarizes her accomplishments in arms and letters when he describes her as “muy valiente en las fuerças del cuerpo … muy sabia en la disçiplina de la caballería, e alcançó muy mucho en los otros saberes e çiençias” [very courageous in physical exertion … very wise in the discipline of horsemanship, and she accomplished much more in the other arts and studies] (191).
Christine’s choice of Catherine of Alexandria is signiﬁcant for other reasons, for, by the ninth century, the saint had become the patroness of female scholars and of all Christian philosophers (Allen, Concept 214). Her example thus validates women’s embrace of learning. 42 One of the last exemplary women whose story Christine recounts is that of her own patron saint. Like Catherine of Alexandria, Saint Christine deﬁed male authority—from her father to the emperor—in proclaiming her Christian faith.
In Sor Teresa’s, she utilizes the sources and forms of argument usually the province of men to refute their denial of her abilities. Conspicuously absent from her examples is any explicit reference to the Virgin Mary as, indeed, evocation of this example does not occur in Christine de Pizan’s work either. 64 Furthermore, Sor Teresa contends that if one man can impart knowledge to another, surely God can teach whatever He wishes to whomever he chooses (Admiraçión 127–8). In dismissing critics of her ﬁrst book, Sor Teresa explains that in it she did not pretend to treat of philosophy or theology, subjects pursued by men in universities.