By Thomas Hylland Eriksen
In Ethnicity and Nationalism, Thomas Hylland Eriksen demonstrates that faraway from being an immutable estate of teams, ethnicity is a dynamic and transferring element of social relationships. Drawing on a variety of vintage and up to date experiences in anthropology and sociology, Eriksen examines the connection among ethnicity, category, gender and nationhood, in addition to present problems with racism, globalization and multiculturalism. Influential theories are offered and severely in comparison in a lucid and complete demeanour. A center textual content for all scholars of social anthropology and similar topics, Ethnicity and Nationalism has been a number one creation to the sector given that its unique book in 1993. New issues during this version comprise cultural estate rights, the function of genetics within the public figuring out of id, commercialisation of identification, and the importance of the net.
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Additional info for Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives (3rd Edition) (Anthropology, Culture and Society)
Smith, 1965). Typical plural societies would be Kenya, Indonesia and Jamaica. The groups that make up the plural society, although they are compelled to participate in uniform political and economic systems, are regarded as (and regard themselves as) highly distinctive in other matters. In plural societies, secessionism is usually not an option and ethnicity tends to be articulated as group competition. As Jenkins (1986) has remarked, most contemporary states could plausibly be considered plural ones.
As Jenkins (1986) has remarked, most contemporary states could plausibly be considered plural ones. (e) Post-slavery minorities:4 the descendants of slaves, largely in the New World. Neither immigrants nor indigenous peoples, their ancestors were transformed from being members of distinctive, African ethnic groups to simply ‘labour, negroes, “niggers”’ (Fenton, 1999: 42). These groups have later redefined themselves along different lines depending on the society and context in question. Some of the more striking expressions of a rediscovered Africanness are the négritude movement of the French-speaking areas, Jamaican rastafarianism and, more recently, US Afrocentric ideology (Asante, 1988) on the one hand, and a celebration of hybridity on the 4.
Second, stereotypes can justify privileges and differences in access to a society’s resources. Conversely, negative stereotypes directed towards a ruling group may alleviate feelings of powerlessness and resignation: they can be seen as the symbolic revenge of the downtrodden. Third, stereotypes are crucial in defining the boundaries of one’s own group. ’ In the vast majority of cases stereotypes imply, in some way or other, the superiority of one’s own group. However, there are also minorities who have largely negative stereotypes of themselves and positive ones of the dominating group.