Download Explanation in the Sciences by Émile Meyerson (auth.) PDF

By Émile Meyerson (auth.)

Emile Meyerson's writings at the philosophy of technology are a wealthy resource of rules and data touching on many philosophical and ancient elements of the improvement of modem technology. Meyerson's works will not be greatly learn or brought up this day by means of philosophers or perhaps philosophers of technological know-how, partially simply because they've got lengthy been out of print and are frequently now not on hand even in examine libraries. There are extra chevaux de !rise for all however the hardiest students: Meyerson's books are written in French (and don't all exist in English types) and take care of the subject material of technology - rules or options, legislation or rules, theories - and epis­ temological questions instead of latest extra stylish themes of the social matrix and exterior impacts on technological know-how with the concomitant forget of the highbrow content material of technology. Born in Lublin, Poland, in 1859, Meyerson bought so much of his schooling in Germany, the place he studied from the age of 12 to 23, getting ready himself for a occupation in chemistry. ! He moved to Paris in 1882, the place he begun a profession as an commercial chemist. altering his occupation, he then labored for a time because the overseas information editor of the HAVAS information employer in Paris. In 1898 he joined the employer proven by means of Edmond Rothschild that had as its goal the settling of Jews in Palestine and have become the Director of the Jewish Colonization organization for Europe and Asia Minor. those actions characterize Meyerson's formal career.

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Indeed, our area of research has remained unchanged: our concern is still the theory of knowledge. Nor has our method varied: we again seek, insofar as possible, to identify the essential principles of thought by considering the processes followed by scientific reason. We try, however, to reach our conclusions (which are somewhat broadened) by a different route than the one we followed in our first work. At that time we had treated the schema of identification as merely heuristic, taking pains to go on to demonstrate, by an analysis of scientific theories, that our understanding of the role of this principle in fact offered the key explaining both the present state of science and its historical evolution.

Although Meyerson was a prodigious reader - in many languages - and obviously cared about his sources, there are a surprising number of errors in his quotations and his documentation. One has the impression that he worked from imperfect handwritten notes at best or from memory (impressive though that may be) at worst and that he did not recheck his sources. Since reproducing careless errors seems to us to serve no scholarly purpose, we have corrected quotations freely and without comment unless there is a significant difference between Meyerson's version and the original, in which case we have so noted.

Yet if we were to use series to express the law, it would seem rather complex, and we would give an altogether different expression to the relation in question. When an astronomer, by means of one laborious operation after another, calculates by approximation the "perturbations" the heavenly bodies cause in one another as they move, he has no doubt that nature resolves this problem instantaneously and that, as Fresnel remarked, nature is not THE CONCEPT OF THING 13 bothered by analytical difficulties.

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