By Alan E. Waltar, Donald R. Todd, Pavel V. Tsvetkov
This ebook is an entire replace of the vintage 1981 quick BREEDER REACTORS textbook authored through Alan E. Waltar and Albert B. Reynolds, which , in addition to the Russian translation, served as a massive reference booklet for quick reactors platforms. significant updates contain transmutation physics (a key know-how to considerably ameliorate concerns linked to the garage of high-level nuclear waste ), advances in fuels and fabrics expertise (including steel fuels and cladding fabrics able to high-temperature and excessive burnup), and new techniques to reactor security (including passive defense technology), New chapters on gas-cooled and lead-cooled quickly spectrum reactors also are included.
Key overseas specialists contributing to the textual content contain Chaim Braun, (Stanford college) Ronald Omberg, (Pacific Northwest nationwide Laboratory, Massimo Salvatores (CEA, France), Baldev Raj, (Indira Gandhi heart for Atomic learn, India) , John Sackett (Argonne nationwide Laboratory), Kevan Weaver, (TerraPower company) ,James Seinicki(Argonne nationwide Laboratory). Russell Stachowski (General Electric), Toshikazu Takeda (University of Fukui, Japan), and Yoshitaka Chikazawa (Japan Atomic power Agency).
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Additional resources for Fast Spectrum Reactors
Lanning, “An Evaluation of the Breed/Burn Fast Reactor Concept,” MITNE-229 (December 1979). 8. L. P. Feoktistov, “An Analysis of a Concept of a Physically Safe Reactor,” Preprint IAE-4605/4, in Russian (1988). 9. E. Teller, M. Ishikawa, and L. Wood, “Completely Automated Nuclear Power Reactors for Long-Term Operation,” Proceedings of the Frontiers in Physics Symposium, American Physical Society and the American Association of Physics Teachers Texas Meeting, Lubbock, TX (1995). 10. H. van Dam, “The Self-stabilizing Criticality Wave Reactor,” Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems (ICENES 2000), p.
These considerations typically lead to SFR mixed-oxide fuel-pin diameters from 6 to 9 mm, or approximately two-thirds those of water cooled reactor fuel pins. 4 Fuel Burnup Burnup requirements for an economical breeder reactor are considerably more demanding than for a LWR. This arises mainly from the difference in fissile enrichment involved. Whereas a burnup of 45–55 MWd/kg for a typical LWR assembly is acceptable, and burnups as low as 7 MWd/kg can 1 This expression will be derived in Chapter 9.
Department of Energy have continued to be modular (840 MWth) ternary metal (U/Pu-10Zr) fueled SFR systems. Two options were considered to achieve core designs with a low conversion ratio: • Geometric spoiling (increasing the effective radius of the core and/or decreasing core height) to increase neutron leakage. • Directly reducing the fertile material content of the fuel to reduce the production of TRU elements. 5. However, very low conversion ratios can be achieved by modest reductions in the fuel pin diameter while maintaining the assembly size; that is, reducing the fuel volume fraction.