Download Fifty Key Figures in Islam (Routledge Key Guides) by Roy Jackson PDF

By Roy Jackson

The ideal source for these wishing to benefit extra concerning the Muslim tradition, its humans and its teachings, Fifty Key Figures in Islam explores the lives and innovations of 50 influential participants in Islam and surveys a background that spans 1,500 years.

Covering key figures corresponding to the Prophet Muhammad, Suleiman 'the exceptional' and El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X), the access for every determine includes:

  • biographical information
  • a presentation and research in their major principles
  • an account in their effect and effect inside of and, if acceptable, past the Islamic culture
  • list of significant works and extra reading.

Fully cross-referenced for ease of use, this basically provided paintings is perfect for these drawn to or learning the realm, and will no longer have come at a extra interesting time in background for Islam.

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Additional info for Fifty Key Figures in Islam (Routledge Key Guides)

Sample text

Abu Hanifa al-Nu’man ibn Thabit was born around the year 699. His grandfather Zuta is said to have been brought as a slave from Kabul (in east-central Afghanistan and now its capital city) to Kufa (in present-day Iraq), and was subsequently set free by a member of the Arabian tribe of Taym Allah ibn Tha’laba. He and his descendants thus became clients (mawla) of this tribe, and Abu Hanifa is sometimes referred to as ‘al-Taymi’ after the tribal name. He lived in Kufa and worked as a manufacturer and merchant of a kind of silk material called khazz.

Under the rule of Mu’awiya the concept of the caliphate was transformed and it had come a long way since the time of the first Caliph, Abu Bakr, when it was considered a part-time post of limited power. Mu’awiya adopted a Byzantine approach to kingship, in which he sat upon a throne and declared that his son was to succeed him as ruler. Such a system was against traditional Arab forms of leadership and was not popular with everybody, leading to the unsuccessful revolt by Husayn. Yazid could hardly be considered the best person for the job, for he was a drunkard and his military expeditions had proven largely fruitless.

The inevitable problem is in determining the reliability of these accounts, not only from the point of view of memory, but also whether the sources had ulterior motives in providing false accounts. By the end of the first Islamic century there existed a pool of hadith (a ‘report’ of what the Prophet said) transmitters residing in important regional centres of the Islamic world. Malik, residing in Medina, had the obvious advantage of having access to sources much closer to Muhammad in the sense that Medina had been the Prophet’s main residence during his formative years and home of the first Islamic city-state.

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