By Roger P. Bennett
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This results in the integral formula [7, 19, 38]. 50 Andrei B. Utkin, Alexander Lavrov and Rui Vilar ∞ ∫ π rpθb (rp , λ , n*) N p (rp )drp , cβ n = = 0 ∞ n ∫0 N p (rp )drp β 2 where rp is the particle radius, , (28) θb the backscattering efficiency given by the Mie series λ the radiation wavelength, n* = n1 − n2 i the complex refraction index, which ( ) depends on the burning material, and N p rp the particle-size distribution. The terms of the Mie series are calculated on the basis of derivatives of Legendre polynomials and spherical Bessel functions.
Adler-Golden, S. MODTRAN4 Version 3 Revision 1 User’s Manual, Air Force Res. , Hanscom Air Force Base, Mass. 2003. , The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition. J. Quant Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer: 60, No. 5: 665–710. 1998. W. Line shape and the water vapor continuum. Atmos. Res: 23, No. 3–4: 229–241. 1989. E. Operational retrieval of atmospheric temperature, moisture, and ozone from MODIS infrared radiances. J. Appl. Meteorol: 42, No.
The authors describe simple and robust algorithms of lidar-signal recognition based on the fast extraction of sufficiently pronounced peaks followed by their classification with the help of an artificial intelligence method (neural network). pt. pt. 42 Andrei B. Utkin, Alexander Lavrov and Rui Vilar The investigations to be presented include tracing smoke-plume evolution, restoring the smoke concentration and representing the results as contour plots on the topographic map, estimating forest-fire alarm promptness, and smoke-plume location by azimuth scanning of the probing beam.