By Cheryl L. Maxson, Finn-Aage Esbensen
This distinctive quantity explores why and the way formative years sign up for and go away gangs, as a lens for exploring intervention and prevention via comparative, overseas study. The ebook explores 3 key questions: how do adolescence gangs shape and the way do they alter over the years? Why do formative years sign up for road gangs, and why do they go away? How do we use this information to foster more desirable interventions for gang difficulties? Drawing from examine carried out in ten assorted international locations (Belgium, Canada, Germany, Israel, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the uk, the us of the USA, and Venezuela)and quite a few disciplines, 16 unique chapters supply targeted insights into:
1) styles of gang participation and the way it affects person behavior
2) person transitions and their impression on gang transformations
3) fostering gang transition and transformation.
This paintings can be of curiosity to researchers in Criminology and felony Justice, relatively with an curiosity in adolescence gangs, developmental and life-course criminology, felony careers, and legal networks, in addition to similar fields similar to sociology, psychology, and comparative legislations, and public health.
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Additional resources for Gang Transitions and Transformations in an International Context
Which research has shown to be a core “pull” in the processes related to gang joining (Decker and Van Winkle 1996). The third measure in this category included a dichotomous measure of whether the respondent had recently left his/her group or was thinking about leaving. Last, because some of the respondents were working with social workers and street outreach workers to reduce their criminal and gang-related behaviors, we included a measure for whether the respondent was currently attached to an outreach or social worker.
Parental consent and youth assent were obtained from youth under 18 and individual consent was obtained from those 18 or older. All research protocols were approved by the RAND Corporation’s human subjects review board. Because of the possibility that, during recruitment, youth hanging out with “survey eligible” youth might accompany recruited peers to the survey site given the large incentive payment (US$50), the research team used a screening tool to determine final sample inclusion. ” The screening also helped identify individuals who may have been eligible, but were unwilling to honestly report their behaviors on a survey—important to a study whose primary focus was examining the process of leaving a gang, thereby necessitating the identification of those in street gangs.
A. Esbensen & C. L. ), Youth gangs in international perspective: Results from the Eurogang program of research (pp. 17–34). New York: Springer. Maxson, C. L. (2001). A proposal for multi-site study of European gangs and youth groups. In M. Klein, H. J. Kerner, C. Maxson, & E. S. and Europe (pp. 299–307). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer. Maxson, C. -A. (2012). The intersection of gang definition and group process: Concluding observations. In C. L. -A. ), Youth gangs in international perspective: Results from the Eurogang program of research (pp.