By Ken Worpole
Right here Comes the sunlight seems at how social reformers, planners and architects
in the early 20th century attempted to remake town within the photo of a sunlit,
ordered utopia. whereas a lot has been written approximately architectural modernism, Worpole concentrates
less on constructions and extra at the making plans of the areas in-between – the parks,
public squares, open-air museums, promenades, public swimming pools and different public rest facilities.
Worpole demonstrates how open-air public areas grew to become sought - after commissions
for many early modernist architects within the early 1900s, leading to the transformation
of the eu cityscape.
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Additional resources for Here Comes the Sun: Architecture and Public Space in European Culture
By the 1920S the very word 'International' was charged with cultural as well as political meaning, and its espousal by architects and planners was usually a conscious political choice. 27 The exhibition entitled 'The International Style' organized by Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock that was held at tiIe Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 1932 effectively branded the new functionalist, anti-historicist and culturally anonymous style as the architecture of a new world order. 28 A favoured mode of dissemination throughout this period was the international exhibition (which in turn generated related international congresses), 7 Advertising mast and press stand at the 1930 Stockholm Exhibition: Swedish design and democracy capture the world's imagination.
Wiener's study of the English cult of rural- lish domestic architecture to this day. l1 ism. In the 1880s, at a time when Morris was rhap- There was also at this time a cult for (tramping' sodizing about the magnificent thirteenth-century literature - stories and snippets of hedgerow philoso- tithe barn at Great Coxwell, Oxfordshire, (the finest phy connected with those who had taken to life on piece of architecture in England', and the craftsman- the open road. The early socialist movement had also ship of the medieval Cotswold churches and farm been a firm advocate of fresh air and exercise, and the buildings, the plein-air movement among artists benefits of life away from the city.
In a Westphalian schoolteacher, Richard Schirr1909 of the chaotic street life ofthe teeming city, the febrile Schirrman proposed a national chain of overnight vibrancy of which was the very essence of the mod- hostels, and the first opened in ern condition. Some were austere rationalists, others called Burg Alkena. By mystical organicists. In her study of British suburban Jugendherbergen as they were called, were estab- life and culture between the wars, for example, Ali- lished; by son Light argues persuasively for a concept of (con- than servative modernism', an apparent oxymoron that many.