By Benjamin Lai
On eighth December 1941, as a part of the simultaneous mix assault opposed to Pearl Harbor, the Imperial eastern military (IJA) invaded the Philippines, Thailand and Malaysia and the British colony of Hong Kong. After basically 18 days of conflict the defenders, a susceptible, undermanned brigade was once crushed by means of a fantastic strength of 2 battle-harden IJA divisions. What makes the conflict of Hong Kong was once now not the size - simply 14,000 defended the colony - however the depth of this conflict fought not just by means of the British military, military and Air strength but in addition Canadians, Hong Kong's personal defence strength, the Indian military in addition to many civilians.
The crusade itself is characterised by way of a fierce land conflict, with lengthy artillery duals and in addition to quickly naval activities with extreme activities on the Gin Drinkers Line in addition to the conflict of Wong Nai Chung hole the place a handful of defenders took on a complete jap regiment. much less recognized yet both very important are person valour comparable to CSM John Robert Osborne profitable a posthumous VC, throwing himself over a jap grenade to save lots of fellow opponents.
Capitulation via the defenders on 25 December 1941 marks the tip of 1 conflict and the start of one other. a topic now not considerably lined by way of Western historian is neighborhood resistance to jap career. Lead via the communist chinese language, many endured to struggle the japanese forming the Guangdong people's Anti-Japanese East River Guerrilla Detachment that through 1945 grew from two hundred to a 6,000-strong strength. The guerrillas rescued downed allied pilots, burdened the japanese with bombing and assassinated traitors and collaborators. these Allies POW that controlled to flee to China persisted the struggle in a secretive new association - the British military reduction staff (BAAG).
As the warfare draw to an in depth, the query of reestablishing British keep watch over turned a hugely contentious diplomatic twin among China, united states and Britain, yet with the loss of life President of Roosevelt in 1945, decolonization misplaced its major champion and Britain used to be in a position to outmaneuver Chiang Kai Shek, the chinese language Generalissimo, and get well Hong Kong as a British Colony. After 3 years and 8 months of jap career, Rear Admiral Sir Harcourt sailed into Hong Kong on board the cruiser HMS Swiftsure to reestablish keep watch over over the colony and permitted the formal give up of Japan on sixteen September 1945.
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Additional resources for Hong Kong 1941-45: First Strike in the Pacific War (Campaign, Volume 263)
Masushima Zempei, managed to swim ashore at Taikoo. Despite being detected and shot at they managed to escape unhurt. An additional 18 bombers from the 14th Heavy Bomber Regiment from Guangzhou and another 18 Navy bombers and 26 fighters from Taizhong (Taichung), Taiwan, were brought over to assist. The crescendo of shelling on the 18th, with dive-bombing and the amassing of small craft on the Kowloon side all pointed to a Japanese assault that night. In preparation for the crossing the Japanese moved all the headquarters forward.
Coy HQ, A Coy, 2 Royal Scots 3. 8th Platoon, A Coy, 2 Royal Scots (scattered amongst the Redoubt and manning the pillboxes) 4. FOO party 2 Bty. 1st Hong Kong Regiment, HKSRA 5. D Coy, 5/7 Rajputs 9 OBSERVATION POST 11 6 STEPS ENTRANCE SMUGGLER’S PASS 1 2 4 PB-400 CHARING CROSS 3 OXFORD STREET STRAND PALACE HOTEL 8 HAYMARKET REGENT PALACE HOTEL 4 PB-403 7 PICCADILLY OXFORD STREET II 5 2 RS 3 PB-402 G SHAFTESBURY AVE. WHITE F E SHING MUN RESERVOIR THE JAPANESE ATTACK ON THE SHING MUN REDOUBT, 9–10 DECEMBER 1941 The Shing Mun Redoubt on the left flank of the Gin Drinkers Line was the Achilles heel of the British defence on the Mainland.
Sakai gave his order to commence invasion. Some 50 minutes later, at 0445hrs Maj. Charles Boxer, formerly of the Lincolnshire Regiment, the senior intelligence officer and a fluent Japanese speaker, was woken by Radio Tokyo telling its citizens that war was imminent. Governor Young and Maj. Gen. Maltby were immediately informed. com A formation of Type 98 ‘Mary’ bombers and ‘Nate’ fighters flying due west having just passed Kowloon Peninsula on 8 December 1941. The area from which smoke is bellowing is Shamshuipo, the location of the Canadian barracks.