Download Humanoid Robotics and Neuroscience: Science, Engineering and by Edited by Gordon Cheng PDF

By Edited by Gordon Cheng

Humanoid robots are hugely refined machines outfitted with human-like sensory and motor functions. this day we're at the verge of a brand new period of swift changes in either technological know-how and engineering—one that brings jointly technological developments in a fashion that might speed up either neuroscience and robotics. Humanoid Robotics and Neuroscience: technology, Engineering and Society offers the contributions of well known scientists who discover key elements of the extra power of those systems.

Topics include:

  • Neuroscientific examine findings on dexterous robot hand control
  • Humanoid imaginative and prescient and the way realizing the constitution of the human eye can result in advancements in synthetic imaginative and prescient
  • Humanoid locomotion, motor regulate, and the educational of motor skills
  • Cognitive components of humanoid robots, together with the neuroscientific elements of imitation and development
  • The impression of robots on society and the opportunity of constructing new structures and units to profit humans

The use of humanoid robotics will help us enhance a better clinical knowing of people, resulting in the layout of higher engineered structures and machines for society. This e-book assembles the paintings of scientists at the leading edge of robot study who exhibit the substantial chances during this box of research.

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Additional resources for Humanoid Robotics and Neuroscience: Science, Engineering and Society

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And Cheng, G. Development of a high-performance upperbody humanoid system. Adv. Robot. 17:149–164, 2003. 22. , and Kuniyoshi, Y. Continuous humanoid interaction: An integrated perspective – Gaining adaptivity, redundancy, flexibility – In one. Robot. Auton. Syst. 37:163–185, November 2001. 23. Sandini, G. Babies and baby-humanoids to study cognition. In Proceedings of the BICA, 2012. 24. Tistarelli, M. and Sandini, G. On the advantages of polar and log-polar mapping for direct estimation of time-to-impact from optical flow.

Similarly, the NAN-AN contrast was evaluated to locate regions that may contribute more in nonanthropomorphic control. 7 The experimental paradigm. Anthropomorphic and nonanthropomorphic control correspond to hand and arm control, respectively. In the visual blocks, the subjects do not move, but watch a recording of the previous execution block including the robot movements. 6). Furthermore, high prefrontal activation in the NAN-AN contrast indicates task difficulty in the NAN condition. A more interesting result is that the NAN condition engaged the angular gyrus, which is involved in the detection of a mismatch between the intended and actual movement leading to a loss of “action ownership” (agency).

In terms of mimicry we asked whether it could be bootstrapped in an anthropomorphic robotic agent, who can control and observe its own hand similar to a developing infant. It is often assumed that the imitation is innate, referring to the influential paper of Meltzoff and Moore [34] reporting neonatal imitation, although some criticism exists P1: Mahkar November 18, 2014 10:40 K16584 Humanoid Brain Science 93665˙C002 33 with respect to the results and the interpretation of the findings [1]. Initial imitative abilities may have evolved in order to induce a social bond between a mother and her baby; however, neonatal imitation is far from explaining the full range of imitative skills observed in primates.

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