By Gary R. List, Jerry W. King
As within the first variation, dialogue isn't restricted to vegetable oils, and the hydrogenation approach is taken into account intimately. The "why" in addition to the "how" of hydrogenation are addressed. Written for either creation employees who desire suggestion on particular difficulties and improvement body of workers who search instructions, if no longer suggestions, the publication bargains direct functional suggestion in addition to motives of why alterations ensue as they do. The word list of technical phrases incorporates a extra distinct rationalization of a few beneficial properties pointed out during the text.
- Emphasizes recommendations for trans fatty acid relief or entire elimination in nutrients products
- Features large info on hydrogenation equipment, isomer formation, and catalysts used
- Includes an in depth word list of hydrogenation and similar technical terms
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Extra resources for Hydrogenation of Fats and Oils, Second Edition: Theory and Practice
Patterson Fig. 10. Hydrogenated products from soybean oil accessible by present-day methods. Solid content index (SCI) at 20 and 30°C. For comparison, the SCI 20–30 point for cocoa butter is also given. to which of the catalysts is the more selective for the intended use. Practicality may even be a reason to establish that, in given test conditions, the solid fat content or the SFI at 30°C shall not exceed some acceptable value (say, SFI 30 shall not exceed 4), which implies that the hardened fat melts completely comfortably below body temperature.
As mentioned earlier, also the two-part question for all continuous plants is: How quickly can a change in product be achieved and what amount of intermediate product is to be expected from the transition? Research continues into the eﬀects obtained from the use of nickel, copper, and other catalysts in various conditions of pressure and temperature. On the very small scale, tremendously high hydrogenation rates were achieved which on such a small scale presented no diﬃculty regarding temperature control.
Positive results should appear in the batch subsequent to the one in which the sulfuring was performed, if not immediately. After further use, a resulfuring is again likely to be needed. Finally, the catalyst’s ﬁ ltration characteristics may become so poor, due to a combination of abrasion by mechanical handling and further soiling, that their use must be abandoned. , in excess of 3–5 hours of gassing as required by the plant program). A decidedly more eﬀective catalyst in the ﬁeld of isomerization is the fresh sulfur-poisoned supported catalyst which one can purchase from suppliers (Chapter 7).