By Sheila Smith
No state feels China's upward push extra deeply than Japan. via complicated case reviews of visits by way of jap politicians to the Yasukuni Shrine, conflicts over the bounds of monetary zones within the East China Sea, issues approximately foodstuff safeguard, and methods of island safeguard, Sheila A. Smith explores the coverage concerns checking out the japanese executive because it attempts to navigate its courting with an advancing China.
Smith unearths that Japan's interactions with China expand some distance past the negotiations among diplomats and contain a wide array of social actors reason on influencing the Sino-Japanese courting. many of the tensions complicating Japan's encounters with China, comparable to these surrounding the Yasukuni Shrine or territorial disputes, have deep roots within the postwar period, and political advocates looking a higher eastern country manage themselves round those reasons. different tensions take place themselves in the course of the institutional and regulatory reform of maritime boundary and foodstuff issues of safety.
Smith scrutinizes the function of the japanese govt in dealing with competition as China's impact grows and jap electorate call for extra defense. Underlying the government's efforts is Japan's lack of confidence approximately its personal potential for swap and its waning prestige because the top financial system in Asia. for lots of, China's upward push skill Japan's decline, and Smith indicates how Japan can preserve its local and international clout as self assurance in its postwar diplomatic and protection technique diminishes.
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Extra resources for Intimate Rivals: Japanese Domestic Politics and a Rising China
Regardless of their approach, however, virtually all agree that by the end of the twentieth century, Japan’s relationship with China had reached a critical turning point. A new strategic consensus began to emerge as Japan’s interests were challenged by China. Over time, four aspects of Japanese policy proved to need rethinking. The ﬁrst was the end of the Cold War and its impact on Japan’s assessment of its diplomatic role in Asia. From the Cold War’s deﬁnition of an East-West divide to the more culturally driven sense of diﬀerence between the advanced economies of the West and the developing economies of Asia, Japan developed a strategy for mediating between China and the liberal democracies of the United States and Europe.
Political power in Japan became more diﬀuse, and only one leader, Koizumi, managed to sustain his hold on power long enough to reconsider Japan’s evolving strategic position. Koizumi tried to persuade Beijing of the two countries’ mutual interests but was unsuccessful in moving forward their debate over the past. With his repeated visits to the Yasukuni Shrine, Koizumi enraged Chinese leaders and ended his tenure in oﬃce with a “freeze” in diplomatic relations. In 2009, the LDP lost power to the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), ushering in a new but ultimately frustrated eﬀort to negotiate a new “mutually beneﬁcial” relationship with China.
3). Accordingly, the Japanese government turned its attention from China’s economic development toward the resolution of trade disputes. Along with other nations, Tokyo granted Beijing most-favored-nation (MFN) status in 1974 as part of the normalization process. The rapid growth of Chinese imports into the Japanese market in the 1990s, however, created a stream of trade disputes. By the mid-1990s, the Japanese government was increasingly under pressure from domestic producers to prevent Chinese competition in the domestic market.