By Patrick Tabeling
Microfluidics offers with fluids flowing in miniaturized structures. it's a younger self-discipline, that's anticipated to considerably extend over the following few years, motivated through the substantial improvement of purposes within the pharmaceutical, biomedical and chemical engineering domain names. The publication is an creation to this self-discipline. within the first bankruptcy, it offers a quick historic historical past and discusses the most views of the area, at least expensive and medical degrees. Then the physics of miniaturization and the fluid mechanics of microflows are mentioned. within the following 3 chapters, dispersion, electric and thermal phenomena in miniaturized units are provided. a quick creation to microfabrication options is given in bankruptcy six and the ebook concludes by way of supplying a couple of examples of microfludic structures. The e-book is written in an easy, direct, pedagogical manner. It emphasizes strategies and figuring out, instead of technical aspect. It bargains a cross-disciplinary view of the sphere embracing organic, chemical, actual and engineering views. by utilizing the publication, the reader could have techniques, equipment and information to know state of affairs, which generally come up in mircofludic platforms.
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Extra resources for Introduction to Microfluidics
A second important scale is the average distance between molecules. A relation often used is that relating the density n and the average intermolecular distance d: d = n 1/3 . We know that for a liquid, the size of the molecule is comparable to the intermolecular distance, while for a gas, the former is much smaller than the latter. – For gases, the fundamental scale necessary to establish dynamical properties is neither re nor d, but the mean free path λ. This scale is deﬁned as the average PHYSICS AT THE MICROMETRIC SCALE 37 distance travelled by a molecule between two successive collisions.
The fourth chapter describes the electrohydrodynamics of microsystems; electrophoresis and electro-osmosis, two extremely important phenomena for understanding lab-on-a-chip devices, are discussed in detail. Dielectrophoretic effects allowing the micromanipulation of neutral particles are also presented. – The ﬁfth chapter is dedicated to heat exchanges in microﬂuidic systems: after a discussion of the limits of macroscopic approach, the equations governing velocity and heat ﬂuxes are introduced, and some basic solutions relevant to microﬂuidics are derived.
Science, 281, 1335 (1998).  This word is now frequently used. The series of conferences µTAS is today one of the most important international conferences in the ﬁeld of microﬂuidics. INTRODUCTION 23  S. Jacobson, R. Hergenroder, A. Moore, J. Ramsey, Anal. Chem, 66, 4127 (1994).  M. Burns, B. Johnson, S. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. Sammarco, P. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. Mastrangelo, D. Burke, Science, 282, 484 (1998).  R. Srinivasan, I. Hsing, P.