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By Thomas Hall

**This ebook was once initially published as a hardback in 1991. The paperback published in 2011 is a reprint of the original**

Planning and concrete progress in Nordic Countries examines city improvement and making plans in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Emphasis is at the interval from the mid-nineteenth century to the current day, and the authors of every 'country-study' examine their very own nationwide advancements opposed to the heritage of these in different Nordic nations good because the remainder of Europe and the united states.

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Extra info for Planning and Urban Growth in Nordic Countries (Studies in History, Planning and the Environment)

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Commercial activities were to expand outside this district. Existing plans for widening the streets in the old town were cancelled, but it was proposed that a larger thoroughfare along the ring of artificial lakes should surround the old city, linking the major radial roads from the suburbs. The dense residential quarters outside the commercial city centre were to be redeveloped in stages and made less compact, to begin with by demolishing old buildings and constructing new ones less densely. At that time no desire had been expressed to preserve these densely built quarters.

However, an important result of the plan was the reduction in building rights and the abandonment of the street-widening plans in the mediaeval city centre; both of these proposals were approved by the city council in 1959. This was followed by yet greater restrictions on major traffic and the limitation of parking in the old town core. Through traffic was transferred outside the area, which made it possible successively to establish several pedestrian precincts (for example, Strøget in 1962). The non-profit housing associations were still in the lead when it came to developing new types of urban design.

Various models for urban expansion were discussed in Århus, for example linear urban structures, finger-like structures, or satellite towns. In the end a further concentric development with an extended ‘finger’ towards the west was chosen. 17. Town planning in Odense- some examples. (a) The Milton Keynes inspired plan for south-east Odense, 1973. Mixed functions put into a large-scale gridiron plan. Source: Dispositionsplan for Odense Sydøst, 1973. Thriges gade. Source: Svensson (1981). Planning and urban growth in the Nordic countries 38 The towns were extended a little at a time: in Ålborg, Odense and Århus only a few largish and comprehensively planned areas were added during the period in question.

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